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Candelaria pacifica

Overview
PNW Range:
  West sideCommon
  East sideCommon
  Immediate coastCommon
  Alpine or subalpineRare
Habitat: Valleys and foothills, often in urban, suburban, and agricultural areas; occasional in the mountains.
Substrate: On nutrient-rich bark or wood (mainly hardwoods), roofing; rarely on rock.
Comments:
Synonymy: none
Candelaria pacifica - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
1/9
Candelaria pacifica - Lower
Lower
by B. McCune
2/9
Candelaria pacifica - Apothecia
Apothecia
by B. McCune
3/9
Candelaria pacifica - Lobes
Lobes
by B. McCune
4/9
Candelaria pacifica - Spores
Spores
by B. McCune
5/9
Candelaria pacifica - Lobes
Lobes
by B. McCune
6/9
Candelaria pacifica - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
7/9
Candelaria pacifica - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
8/9
Candelaria pacifica - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
9/9
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Never
Foliose: Almost always
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Sometimes
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Sometimes
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Never
Stalks: Never
Squamules: Never
Single Holdfast: Never
Dangling Nets: Never
Lobe Width (mm): 0.2 (± 0.06)

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Yellow Green: Sometimes
   Pale Green: Rarely
   Orange: Rarely
   Yellow: Almost always
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Never
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never
Lower Surface (Foliose)
Lower Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Yellow Green: Almost always
   Yellow: Almost always
   Whitish: Almost always
Veined Below: Never
Rhizinate Below: Commonly
   Rhizines Squarrose: Never
Tomentose Below: Never
Cyphellae: Never
Pseudocyphellae Below: Never
Papillae Below: Never

Interior
Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Never
Gelatinous: Never

Photobiont
Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Rarely
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 
   Disk Yellow: Almost always

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Almost always
Lobules: Never