Common Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest

Home Species List Identification Key Characteristics Color Chart Project Page About
A B C D E F H K L M N P R S T U V X
Species and Synonyms List    (Hover for preview. Click for details.)
A B C D E F H K L M N P R S T U V X

Cetraria pallidula (syn. Ahtiana pallidula) - Habit

Alectoria imshaugii - Base

Alectoria sarmentosa - Field appearance

Alectoria vancouverensis - Habit

Baeomyces rufus - Habit

Bryoria capillaris - Habit

Bryoria fremontii - Field appearance

Bryoria friabilis - Habit

Bryoria fuscescens - Habit

Bryoria capillaris (syn. Bryoria pikei) - Habit

Bryoria pseudofuscescens - Field appearance

Bryoria fremontii (syn. Bryoria tortuosa) - Field appearance

Candelaria pacifica - Habit

Hypogymnia hultenii (syn. Cavernularia hultenii) - Habit

Hypogymnia lophyrea (syn. Cavernularia lophyrea) - Habit

Cetraria aculeata - Habit

Cetraria canadensis - Habit

Cetraria chlorophylla - Habit

Cetraria cucullata - Habit

Melanelia hepatizon (syn. Cetraria hepatizon) - Lobes

Cetraria merrillii - Habit

Cetraria nivalis - Habit

Cetraria orbata - Habit

Cetraria pallidula - Habit

Cetraria pinastri - Habit

Cetraria platyphylla - Lower

Cetraria subalpina - Lobes

Cetrelia cetrarioides - Habit

Cladonia albonigra - Habit

Cladonia bellidiflora - Habit

Cladonia borealis - Habit

Cladonia cariosa - Habit

Cladonia carneola - Habit

Cladonia cenotea - Habit

Cladonia chlorophaea - Habit

Cladonia coniocraea - Habit

Cladonia cornuta - Habit

Cladonia ecmocyna - Habit

Cladonia fimbriata - Habit

Cladonia furcata - Habit

Cladonia gracilis - Habit

Cladonia macilenta - Habit

Cladonia macrophyllodes - Habit

Cladonia norvegica - Habit

Cladonia phyllophora - Cups

Cladonia portentosa - Habit

Cladonia pyxidata - Habit

Cladonia rangiferina - Field appearance

Cladonia squamosa - Habit

Cladonia squamosa var. subsquamosa - Habit

Cladonia transcendens - Habit

Cladonia umbricola - Habit

Cladonia verruculosa - Habit

Collema furfuraceum - Habit

Collema nigrescens - Habit

Enchylium tenax (syn. Collema tenax) - Habit

Cetraria aculeata (syn. Cornicularia aculeata) - Habit

Dermatocarpon deminuens - Habit

Dermatocarpon meiophyllizum - Habit

Dermatocarpon miniatum - LowerHabit

Dermatocarpon reticulatum - Habit

Dermatocarpon rivulorum - Habit

Enchylium tenax - Habit

Ephebe lanata - Habit

Erioderma sorediatum - Habit

Esslingeriana idahoensis - Habit

Evernia prunastri - Habit

Cetraria cucullata (syn. Flavocetraraia cucullata) - Habit

Cetraria nivalis (syn. Flavocetraraia nivalis) - Habit

Fungi nonlichenized - Habit

Fuscopannaria aurita - Habit

Fuscopannaria leucostictoides - Habit

Fuscopannaria maritima - Habit

Fuscopannaria pacifica - Habit

Fuscopannaria pacifica (syn. Fuscopannaria saubinetii) - Habit

Heterodermia leucomela - Habit

Hypogymnia apinnata - Habit

Hypogymnia austerodes - Habit

Hypogymnia duplicata - Habit

Hypogymnia enteromorpha - Habit

Hypogymnia heterophylla - Habit

Hypogymnia hultenii - Habit

Hypogymnia imshaugii - Habit

Hypogymnia inactiva (syn. Hypogymnia imshaugii var. inactiva) - Habit

Hypogymnia inactiva - Habit

Hypogymnia lophyrea - Habit

Hypogymnia wilfiana (syn. Hypogymnia metaphysodes ) - Habit

Hypogymnia pulverata (syn. Hypogymnia mundata var. pulverata) - Habit

Hypogymnia occidentalis - Habit

Hypogymnia oceanica - Habit

Hypogymnia physodes - Habit

Hypogymnia austerodes (syn. Hypogymnia protea) - Habit

Hypogymnia pulverata - Habit

Hypogymnia wilfiana (syn. Hypogymnia recurva) - Habit

Hypogymnia rugosa - Habit

Hypogymnia tubulosa - Habit

Hypogymnia enteromorpha (syn. Hypogymnia tumidula) - Habit

Hypogymnia wilfiana - Habit

Hypotrachyna revoluta - Habit

Hypotrachyna sinuosa - Habit

Cetraria merrillii (syn. Kaernefeltia merrillii) - Habit

Leioderma sorediatum - Habit

Lepraria subalbicans - Habit

Lepraria subalbicans (syn. Leprocaulon subalbicans) - Habit

Leptochidium albociliatum - Lobes

Leptogidium contortum - Habit

Leptogium pseudofurfuraceum (syn. Leptogium furfuraceum) - Habit

Scytinium gelatinosum (syn. Leptogium gelatinosum) - Habit

Scytinium lichenoides (syn. Leptogium lichenoides) - Habit

Scytinium nanum (syn. Leptogium nanum) - Habit

Scytinium palmatum (syn. Leptogium palmatum) - Habit

Scytinium polycarpum (syn. Leptogium polycarpum) - Habit

Leptogium pseudofurfuraceum - Habit

Scytinium rivale (syn. Leptogium rivale) - Habit

Leptogium saturninum - Habit

Letharia columbiana - Habit

Letharia vulpina - Habit

Lobaria anomala - Habit

Lobaria anthraspis - Habit

Lobaria hallii - Habit

Lobaria oregana - Habit

Lobaria pulmonaria - Habit

Lobaria scrobiculata - Habit

Lobaria hallii (syn. Lobaria silvae-veteris) - Habit

Montanelia disjuncta (syn. Melanelia disjuncta) - Habit

Melanohalea elegantula (syn. Melanelia elegantula) - Habit

Melanohalea multispora (syn. Melanelia exasperatula) - Habit

Melanelixia glabratula (syn. Melanelia fuliginosa) - Habit

Melanelia hepatizon - Lobes

Melanohalea subelegantula (syn. Melanelia multispora) - Habit

Montanelia panniformis (syn. Melanelia panniformis) - Habit

Montanelia sorediata (syn. Melanelia sorediata) - Lobes

Melanelia stygia - Habit

Melanohalea subolivacea (syn. Melanelia subelegantula) - Habit

Menegazzia subsimilis (syn. Melanelia subolivacea) - Habit

Melanelixia glabratula (syn. Melanelixia fuliginosa) - Habit

Melanelixia glabratula - Habit

Melanohalea elegantula - Habit

Melanohalea exasperatula - Habit

Melanohalea multispora - Habit

Melanohalea subelegantula - Habit

Melanohalea subolivacea - Habit

Menegazzia subsimilis - Habit

Menegazzia terebrata - Habit

Montanelia disjuncta - Habit

Montanelia panniformis - Habit

Montanelia sorediata - Lobes

Moss or liverwort species - Liverwort - Marchantia aquatica

Neofuscelia loxodes - Habit

Neofuscelia subhosseana - Isidia

Neofuscelia verruculifera - Habit

Nephroma bellum - Lower

Nephroma helveticum - Habit

Nephroma laevigatum - Habit

Nephroma occultum - Habit

Nephroma parile - Habit

Nephroma resupinatum - Habit

Cetraria cucullata (syn. Nephromopsis cucullata) - Habit

Cetraria nivalis (syn. Nephromopsis nivalis) - Habit

Cetraria platyphylla (syn. Nephromopsis orbata) - Lower

Cetraria subalpina (syn. Nephromopsis subalpina) - Lobes

Niebla cephalota - Habit

Nodobryoria abbreviata - Habit

Nodobryoria oregana - Habit

Nostoc (cyanobacteria) species - Habit

Pannaria rubiginosa - Habit

Parmelia hygrophila - Habit

Parmelia pseudosulcata - Habit

Parmelia saxatilis - Habit

Parmelia squarrosa - Habit

Parmelia sulcata - Habit

Parmeliella parvula - Habit

Parmeliella triptophylla - Habit

Parmeliopsis ambigua - Lobes

Parmeliopsis hyperopta - Habit

Parmotrema arnoldii - Habit

Parmotrema perlatum (syn. Parmotrema chinense) - Habit

Parmotrema crinitum - Habit

Parmotrema perlatum - Habit

Peltigera aphthosa - Habit

Peltigera britannica - Habit, both photomorphs

Peltigera canina - Lower

Peltigera collina - Habit

Peltigera didactyla - Habit

Peltigera hydrothyria - Habit

Peltigera leucophlebia - Habit

Peltigera malacea - Habit

Peltigera membranacea - Habit

Peltigera neopolydactyla - Habit

Peltigera pacifica - Lobules

Peltigera polydactylon - Habit

Peltigera ponojensis - Habit

Peltigera praetextata - Habit

Peltigera rufescens - Habit

Peltigera venosa - Habit

Phaeophyscia decolor - Habit

Phaeophyscia orbicularis - Habit

Phaeophyscia sciastra - Habit

Physcia adscendens - Lobe tips

Physcia alnophila (syn. Physcia aipolia ) - Habit

Physcia alnophila - Habit

Physcia biziana - Habit

Physcia caesia - Habit

Physcia dubia - Habit

Physcia tenella - Habit

Physconia americana - Habit

Physconia enteroxantha - Habit

Physconia muscigena - Habit

Physconia perisidiosa - Habit

Pilophorus acicularis - Habit

Pilophorus clavatus - Habit

Pilophorus nigricaulis - Habit

Platismatia glauca - Habit

Platismatia herrei - Habit

Platismatia lacunosa - Habit

Platismatia norvegica - Habit

Platismatia stenophylla - Habit

Xanthoria polycarpa (syn. Polycauliona polycarpa) - Habit

Leptogidium contortum (syn. Polychidium contortum) - Habit

Polychidium muscicola - habit

Pseudephebe minuscula - Habit

Pseudephebe pubescens - Habit

Lobaria anomala (syn. Pseudocyphellaria anomala) - Habit

Lobaria anthraspis (syn. Pseudocyphellaria anthraspis) - Habit

Pseudocyphellaria citrina - Field habit

Pseudocyphellaria citrina (syn. Pseudocyphellaria crocata ) - Field habit

Pseudocyphellaria hawaiiensis - Habit

Pseudocyphellaria hawaiiensis (syn. Pseudocyphellaria perpetua) - Habit

Pseudocyphellaria rainierensis - Habit, field

Punctelia jeckeri - Habit

Punctelia jeckeri (syn. Punctelia subrudecta ) - Habit

Ramalina dilacerata - Habit

Ramalina farinacea - Habit

Ramalina menziesii - Habit, with Usnea (fertile)

Ramalina roesleri - Habit

Ramalina subleptocarpha - Habit

Ramalina thrausta - Branches

Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca - Habit

Rhizoplaca melanophthalma - Habit

Xanthoria elegans (syn. Rusavskia elegans) - Habit

Scytinium gelatinosum - Habit

Scytinium lichenoides - Habit

Scytinium nanum - Habit

Scytinium palmatum - Habit

Scytinium polycarpum - Habit

Scytinium rivale - Habit

Solorina crocea - Habit

Sphaerophorus tuckermanii (syn. Sphaerophorus globosus) - Field habit

Sphaerophorus tuckermanii - Field habit

Sphaerophorus venerabilis - Field habit

Stereocaulon alpinum - Habit

Stereocaulon spathuliferum - Habit

Stereocaulon sterile - Habit

Stereocaulon tomentosoides - Habit

Stereocaulon vesuvianum - Habit

Sticta fuliginosa - Habit

Sticta limbata - Habit

Sticta weigelii - Isidia

Teloschistes flavicans - Habit

Thamnolia vermicularis - Habit

Trentepohlia (alga) species - Field habit

Cetraria chlorophylla (syn. Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla) - Habit

Cetraria merrillii (syn. Tuckermannopsis merrillii) - Habit

Cetraria orbata (syn. Tuckermannopsis orbata) - Habit

Cetraria pallidula (syn. Tuckermannopsis pallidula) - Habit

Cetraria platyphylla (syn. Tuckermannopsis platyphylla) - Lower

Cetraria subalpina (syn. Tuckermannopsis subalpina) - Lobes

Umbilicaria americana - Habit

Umbilicaria angulata - Habit

Umbilicaria deusta - Habit

Umbilicaria havaasii - Field habit

Umbilicaria hyperborea - Habit

Umbilicaria polaris (syn. Umbilicaria krascheninnikovii ) - Habit

Umbilicaria phaea - Habit

Umbilicaria polaris - Habit

Umbilicaria polyphylla - Habit

Umbilicaria torrefacta - Apothecia

Umbilicaria virginis - Habit

Usnea cavernosa - Branches

Usnea cornuta - Habit

Usnea diplotypus - Habit

Usnea flavocardia - Habit

Usnea fragilescens - Habit

Usnea fulvoreagens - Branches

Usnea glabrata - Habit

Usnea fulvoreagens (syn. Usnea glabrescens) - Branches

Usnea subgracilis (syn. Usnea hesperina) - Habit

Usnea lapponica - Habit

Usnea longissima - Field appearance

Usnea pacificana - Habit

Usnea rubicunda - Field habit

Usnea scabrata - Field habit

Usnea subgracilis (syn. Usnea schadenbergiana) - Habit

Usnea silesiaca - Field habit with Lobaria and Parmotrema

Usnea subfloridana - Spot tests

Usnea subgracilis - Habit

Usnea lapponica (syn. Usnea substerilis) - Habit

Usnea flavocardia (syn. Usnea wirthii) - Habit

Cetraria pinastri (syn. Vulpicida pinastri) - Habit

Cetraria canadensis (syn. Vulpida canadensis) - Habit

Xanthomendoza fallax - Habit

Xanthomendoza fulva - Habit

Xanthomendoza hasseana - Habit

Xanthomendoza mendozae - Habit

Xanthomendoza montana - Habit

Xanthomendoza oregana - Habit

Xanthomendoza oregana (syn. Xanthomendoza poeltii) - Habit

Xanthoparmelia chlorochroa - Habit

Xanthoparmelia coloradoensis - Habit

Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia - Habit

Neofuscelia loxodes (syn. Xanthoparmelia loxodes) - Habit

Xanthoparmelia mougeotii - Habit

Xanthoparmelia plittii - Habit

Neofuscelia subhosseana (syn. Xanthoparmelia subhosseana) - Isidia

Neofuscelia verruculifera (syn. Xanthoparmelia verruculifera) - Habit

Xanthoparmelia wyomingica - Field appearance

Xanthoria candelaria - Habit

Xanthoria elegans - Habit

Xanthomendoza fallax (syn. Xanthoria fallax) - Habit

Xanthomendoza fulva (syn. Xanthoria fulva) - Habit

Xanthomendoza hasseana (syn. Xanthoria hasseana) - Habit

Xanthomendoza mendozae (syn. Xanthoria mendozae) - Habit

Xanthomendoza montana (syn. Xanthoria montana) - Habit

Xanthomendoza oregana (syn. Xanthoria oregana) - Habit

Xanthoria parietina - Habit

Xanthoria polycarpa - Habit
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted