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Cladonia carneola

Overview
PNW Range:
  West sideCommon
  East sideCommon
  Immediate coastOccasional
  Alpine or subalpineOccasional
Habitat: Mainly in low to mid elevation forests or previously forested areas.
Substrate: Humus-rich soil, stumps, and rotten wood, occasionally on tree trunks.
Comments:
Synonymy: none
Cladonia carneola - Apothecia
Apothecia
by B. McCune
1/6
Cladonia carneola - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
2/6
Cladonia carneola - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
3/6
Cladonia carneola - Podetia
Podetia
by B. McCune
4/6
Cladonia carneola - Cups
Cups
by B. McCune
5/6
Cladonia carneola - Soredia
Soredia
by B. McCune
6/6
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Almost always
Foliose: Never
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Never
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Almost always
Stalks: Almost always
Squamules: Almost always
Single Holdfast: Never
Dangling Nets: Never

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Gray Green: Commonly
   Pale Yellow Green: Almost always
   Pale Green: Almost always
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Never
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never
Lower Surface (Foliose)
Lower Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Whitish: Almost always
   Pale Gray: Sometimes
Veined Below: Never

Interior
Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Almost always
Gelatinous: Never

Photobiont
Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Chemistry
Usnic Acid: Almost always
Cortex KC+ Yellow: Almost always
Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Sometimes
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 
   Disk Brown or Tan: Almost always

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Almost always
Lobules: Never

Cladonia Specific
Cup forming: Almost always
Richly Branched: Never
Stalks With Melanotic Base: Never
Branch Axils Or Cups Open: Never