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Cladonia phyllophora

PNW Range:
  West sideOccasional
  East sideOccasional
  Immediate coastUncommon
  Alpine or subalpineRare
Habitat: Low elevation talus and outcrops, usually fairly open sites on cool, moist slopes.
Substrate: On soil, or soil over rock.
Synonymy: none
Cladonia phyllophora - Podetia tips
Podetia tips
by B. McCune
Cladonia phyllophora - Podetia
by B. McCune
Cladonia phyllophora - Cups
by B. McCune
Cladonia phyllophora - Melanotic base
Melanotic base
by B. McCune
Cladonia phyllophora - Podetia
by B. McCune
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Almost always
Foliose: Never
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Never
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Almost always
Stalks: Almost always
Squamules: Sometimes
Single Holdfast: Never
Dangling Nets: Never

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Gray Green: Almost always
   Pale Green: Commonly
   Pale Gray: Sometimes
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Never
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never
Lower Surface (Foliose)
Lower Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Whitish: Almost always
   Pale Gray: Sometimes
Veined Below: Never

Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Almost always
Gelatinous: Never

Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Medulla P+ Orange or Red: Almost always
Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Sometimes
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Never
Lobules: Never

Cladonia Specific
Cup forming: Sometimes
Richly Branched: Sometimes
Stalks With Melanotic Base: Almost always
Branch Axils Or Cups Open: Never