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Ramalina menziesii

Overview
PNW Range:
  West sideCommon
  East sideNone
  Immediate coastCommon
  Alpine or subalpineNone
Habitat: Fog zone along the coast and in the Willamette-Puget trough, especially along rivers and in forested wetlands, often thickly draping whole forests or individual trees.
Substrate: On broad-leaved trees and shrubs, occasional on conifers.
Comments:
Synonymy: none
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
1/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
2/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
3/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
4/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit, with Usnea (fertile)
Habit, with Usnea (fertile)
by B. McCune
5/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
6/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
7/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by R. Droker
8/9
Ramalina menziesii - Habit
Habit
by B. McCune
9/9
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Almost always
Foliose: Never
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Never
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Almost always
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Never
Stalks: Never
Squamules: Never
Single Holdfast: Never
Dangling Nets: Almost always

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Yellow Green: Almost always
   Pale Green: Almost always
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Sometimes
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Sometimes
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never

Interior
Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Never
Gelatinous: Never

Photobiont
Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Chemistry
Usnic Acid: Almost always
Cortex KC+ Yellow: Almost always
Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Rarely
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 
   Disk Pale Greenish: Almost always
   Disk Brown or Tan: Almost always

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Never
Lobules: Never