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Sphaerophorus venerabilis

PNW Range:
  West sideCommon
  East sideRare
  Immediate coastCommon
  Alpine or subalpineNone
Habitat: Moist forests at low to mid elevations.
Substrate: Bark and wood.
Synonymy: Sphaerophorus globosus( in OR and WA)
Sphaerophorus venerabilis - Habit
by B. McCune
Sphaerophorus venerabilis - Branches, main
Branches, main
by B. McCune
Sphaerophorus venerabilis - Field habit
Field habit
by B. McCune
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Almost always
Foliose: Never
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Never
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Never
Stalks: Almost always
Squamules: Never
Single Holdfast: Almost always
Dangling Nets: Never

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Gray Green: Almost always
   Pale Green: Rarely
   Whitish: Almost always
   Pale Gray: Almost always
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Sometimes
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never

Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Never
Gelatinous: Never

Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Cortex K+ Yellow: Almost always
Medulla P+ Orange or Red: Sometimes
Medulla P+ Yellow: Sometimes
Medulla UV+ Blue White: Sometimes
Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Sometimes
   Mazaedium: Almost always
Disk Color    (Dry) 
   Disk Black: Almost always

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Never
Lobules: Never