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Cladonia rangiferina

Overview
PNW Range:
  West sideRare
  East sideRare
  Immediate coastRare
  Alpine or subalpineRare
Habitat: Talus slopes and outcrop areas, often on cool, moist slopes and in narrow valleys and canyon slopes.
Substrate: On humus, or soil over rock.
Comments:
Synonymy: none
Cladonia rangiferina - Field appearance
Field appearance
by B. McCune
1/7
Cladonia rangiferina - Branch tips
Branch tips
by B. McCune
2/7
Cladonia rangiferina - Podetia tips
Podetia tips
by B. McCune
3/7
Cladonia rangiferina - Lower
Lower
by B. McCune
4/7
Cladonia rangiferina - Field appearance
Field appearance
by B. McCune
5/7
Cladonia rangiferina - Field appearance
Field appearance
by B. McCune
6/7
Cladonia rangiferina - Pycnidia
Pycnidia
by B. McCune
7/7
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Almost always
Foliose: Never
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Never
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Never
Stalks: Almost always
Squamules: Never
Single Holdfast: Never
Dangling Nets: Never

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Gray Green: Sometimes
   Pale Green: Sometimes
   Whitish: Sometimes
   Pale Gray: Almost always
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Never
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never
Lower Surface (Foliose)
Lower Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Whitish: Almost always
   Pale Gray: Sometimes
Veined Below: Never

Interior
Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Almost always
Gelatinous: Never

Photobiont
Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Chemistry
Cortex K+ Yellow: Almost always
Medulla P+ Orange or Red: Almost always
Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Rarely
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 
   Disk Brown or Tan: Almost always

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Never
Lobules: Never

Cladonia Specific
Cup forming: Never
Richly Branched: Almost always
Stalks With Melanotic Base: Never
Branch Axils Or Cups Open: Sometimes