<  Cladonia rangiferina
Cladonia squamosa var. subsquamosa  >
Click on Characteristic name for explanation. Click on image for larger version.
Cladonia squamosa

PNW Range:
  West sideAbundant
  East sideOccasional
  Immediate coastCommon
  Alpine or subalpineUncommon
Habitat: Moist forests at low to mid elevations.
Substrate: Soil, soil over rock, rotten logs, and tree trunks
Synonymy: none
Cladonia squamosa - Habit
by B. McCune
Cladonia squamosa - Podetial squamules
Podetial squamules
by B. McCune
Cladonia squamosa - Podetia interior
Podetia interior
by B. McCune
Cladonia squamosa - Podetial squamules
Podetial squamules
by B. McCune
Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Almost always
Foliose: Never
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Never
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Almost always
Stalks: Almost always
Squamules: Almost always
Single Holdfast: Never
Dangling Nets: Never

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Gray Green: Almost always
   Pale Green: Commonly
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Never
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Never
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never
Lower Surface (Foliose)
Lower Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Whitish: Almost always
   Pale Gray: Sometimes
Veined Below: Never

Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Almost always
Gelatinous: Never

Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Medulla UV+ Blue White: Almost always
Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Never
Apothecia: Sometimes
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 
   Disk Brown or Tan: Almost always

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Never
Lobules: Sometimes

Cladonia Specific
Cup forming: Sometimes
Richly Branched: Never
Stalks With Melanotic Base: Never
Branch Axils Or Cups Open: Almost always