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Dermatocarpon miniatum

Overview
PNW Range:
  West sideOccasional
  East sideOccasional
  Immediate coastRare
  Alpine or subalpineRare
Habitat: On generally dry rock, occasionally where there is seepage.
Substrate: Rock, mainly calcareous rock and basalt.
Comments:
Synonymy: none
Dermatocarpon miniatum - Lower
Lower
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - Habit
Habit
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - LowerHabit
LowerHabit
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - LowerHabit
LowerHabit
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - Lower
Lower
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - Habit
Habit
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - Perithecia
Perithecia
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Dermatocarpon miniatum - Habit
Habit
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Scale: Bar=1mm unless noted
Growth Form
Fruticose: Never
Foliose: Almost always
Crustose: Never
Appressed Foliose: Almost always
Fluffy Foliose or Strappy: Never
Dangling Hair: Never
Erect Hair: Never
Appressed Hair: Never
Stalks With Squamules: Never
Stalks: Never
Squamules: Never
Single Holdfast: Commonly
Dangling Nets: Never
Lobe Width (mm): 7 (± 3)

Upper Surface
Upper Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Pale Gray: Almost always
   Dark Gray: Almost always
Upper Surface Tomentose: Never
Upper Surface Pruinose or Scabrid: Commonly
Upper Surface with Network of Ridges: Never
Upper Surface with Pseudocyphellae: Never
   Upper Surface with Holes into Cavity: Never
Cilia on Margins: Never
Lower Surface (Foliose)
Lower Surface Color    (Dry) 
   Orange: Sometimes
   Black: Almost always
   Brown: Almost always
   Tan: Almost always
Veined Below: Sometimes
Rhizinate Below: Never
Tomentose Below: Never
Cyphellae: Never
Pseudocyphellae Below: Never
Papillae Below: Never

Interior
Inside (Medulla) Yellow or Orange: Never
Central Cord: Never
Hollow Stalks or Hollow Lobes: Never
Gelatinous: Never

Photobiont
Green Algae Primary Photobiont: Almost always
Cyanobacteria Primary Photobiont: Never
Internal Cephalodia: Never
External Cephalodia: Never

Sexual Reproduction
Perithecia: Almost always
Apothecia: Never
   Mazaedium: Never
Disk Color    (Dry) 

Asexual Reproduction
Isidia: Never
Soredia: Never
Lobules: Never